Project Hunting, conservation and biosecurity: the case of the biological invasion of wild boar in Uruguay
Funded by the Scientific Research Sector Commission, Universidad de la República, Uruguay (2019-2022).
In this project we propose to understand the historical process that has turned it into a plague, considering the institutional arguments and devices behind this statement, also analyzing a series of consequences at the level of speeches and practices. The declaration of plague implies a cosmology in which the animals are arranged in a multispecific map that separates them into productive and unproductive, domestic and wild, native and exotic, dangerous and friendly animals, etc. In the case of wild boar, we propose that its ferality (which has turned it throughout history into an animal that represents struggle and resistance), operates preferentially in this animal cartography. All these discourses, practices and institutional design are the aspects on which we will focus. The proposed approach is based on human-animal studies on hunting from an anthropological perspective, using traditional techniques of anthropology and other more specific historiography, ethnobiology and social network analysis.
Project Tensions between cultural practices and nature conservation. Looking for an approach between hunting and protected natural areas in the eastern region of Uruguay
Funded by Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación (Uruguay). 2017-2019
This project aims to understand the relationships between hunting and conservation of nature with emphasis on the eastern region of Uruguay, aiming at a better practice of these activities (hunting and conservation), promoting greater dialogue and exploring synergies between the actors involved. The research strategy is based on understanding hunting from an anthropological perspective and knowing the tensions between hunting, the management of protected areas and other actors involved. One of the issues we specifically consider is poaching in the Laguna de Rocha Protected Landscape, where poaching represents a serious problem for the management of the area. On the other hand, it is intended to understand how hunting practices have been affected by the establishment of protected areas in spaces where, before this environmental regulation, hunting was done freely with the authorization of the owners. The project is based on an ethnographic approach from a perspective that articulates the great positions of the new ecologies (historical, symbolic and political) with ethnobiology. In addition to generating scientific information, we propose to develop a manual of good hunting practices, generate a space for dialogue between the actors involved and make a normative proposal on hunting.